Bone Morphogenetic Protein
Bone morphogenic protein is an isolated protein that induces specific cells in our body to form new cartilage and bone. During surgery, the BMP is soaked onto and binds with a collagen sponge. The sponge is then designed to resorb, or disappear, over time. As the sponge dissolves, the bone morphogenic protein stimulates the cells to produce new bone. The BMP also goes away once it has completed its task of jump starting the normal bone healing process.
Being a newer science, BMP can be more expensive than a conventional graft. As if today, BMP is the only known way to grow new bone by itself. Since there is no need to harvest bone from the patients’ hip for BMP, recipients were spared donor site pain. Complications from the graft harvest site are also eliminated with the use of bone morphogenic protein.
Drs. Gauger and Carlson would be happy to discuss all grafting options with you at the time of consultation.